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Buddhism in Sri Lanka suffered due to the destruction made by Chola invaders Rajaraja and his son Rajendra in the 11th-century. It was said that the country failed fulfil the necessity of five ordained bhikkhus required for Upasampada ceremonies. King Vijayabahu I had to seek help from King Anawrahta in Burma to re-established Buddhism in the island. Following Vijayabahu, Parakramabahu and Nissanka Malla made some valuable contributions to preserve Buddhism in Sri Lanka.
Polonnaruwa and its surroundings are home for many wild elephants in Sri Lanka. Sometimes these giants reach main roads. With its water reservations, and the green grass shooting up on their shores elephants gather to feast in larger numbers in the national parks of Polonnaruwa.