Trincomalee is where the Dutch first landed on the island. Because of its geographical location and the natural harbour Trincomalee was known as an important naval base from the colonial times, Portugese, Dutch, French and the British fought battles to take control over the area
Trincomalee has some of the important religious attractions of Sri Lanka. The first Buddhist stupa of Sri Lanka was built in Trincomalee, and it is believed that Princess Hemamala and Prince Dantha landed on the island with the sacred tooth relic in this region. The hindu temple Koneswaram is also one of the top religious places in the island.